Sinonasal microbiome

Image The interaction between the host and microorganisms in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is poorly understood and is a growing area of interest. More recently, methodologies have been developed to assess the microbiome without the use of culture by analyzing the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene. We reviewed the microbiome literature to better understand the role of microbes in CRS. The development of culture-independent bacterial DNA sequencing techniques and integration into research practice has led to a burgeoning interest in the microbiome and its relevance to human healt... Read More

Microbial Ecology

Image Microbial ecology (or environmental microbiology) is the ecology of microorganisms: their relationship with one another and with their environment. It concerns the three major domains of life—Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria—as well as viruses. Microorganisms, by their omnipresence, impact the entire biosphere. Microbial life plays a primary role in regulating biogeochemical systems in virtually all of our planet's environments, including some of the most extreme... Read More

About the  Antimicrobial resistance?

Image Antimicrobial resistance happens when microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) change when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics). Microorganisms that develop antimicrobial resistance are sometimes referred to as “superbugs”. As a result, the medicines become ineffective and infections persist in the body, increasing the risk of spread to others. Why is antimicrobial resistance a global concern? New resistance mechanisms are em... Read More

Benefit of microorganism

Image Medically indispensable  Microorganisms have a bad reputation. People think they’re bad for our health. When they think of microorganisms, many people think first about fungal infections, cavities, and illnesses like flu, or worse: AIDS and Ebola. But the number of harmful types doesn’t even come close to the number of harmless ones, or the ones that actually support our health.  Thanks to microorganisms, we have antibiotics and vaccines, which have allowed us to make great progress. And once again, the medical world is on the brin... Read More

Insects as Food and Feed

Image The world's population is expected to grow reaching over 9 billion people in 2050. The main consequence of this is that the world will have to produce 70% more food. Livestock production will have to grow rapidly if per capita intake is to be maintained, forcing an increased food/feed output from available agro-ecosystems, resulting in an even greater pressure on the environment. Edible insects contain high quality protein, vitamins and amino acids for humans and animals, as well as a high food conversion rate; besides, they emit less greenhouse gases and ammonia than conventional lives... Read More

Anti-Fungal Activiy

Image Destroying fungi or inhibiting their growth : fungicidal, fungistatic. Other Words from antifungal Example Sentences Learn More about antifungal. The use of mushrooms as food is probably as old as civilization itself. Many species of medicinal mushrooms have been used in folk medicine for thousands of years. The use of medicinal mushrooms in folk medicine, is best documented in the East. International mushroom research continues today, with a focus on mushroom's that may have hypoglycemic activity, anti-cancer activity, anti-pat... Read More

Microfluidic Mixing

Image Microfluidic Mixing Microfluidics have received much attention in recent years, since there are substantial benefits to be gained from its characteristics of lower cost, smaller size and less consumption of reagents and samples compared with common macrofluidic systems. Micromixers are one of the most promising applications of microfluidic systems and have been widely used in industries, ranging from biological detection analysis to chemical reaction processes. Based on the mechanism applied in the microfluidic mixing process, it’s generally accepted... Read More

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Image Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus refers to a group of Gram-positive bacteria that are genetically distinct from other strains of Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA is responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans. It refers to a group of Gram-positive bacteria that are genetically distinct from other strains of Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA is responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans. MRSA is any strain of S. aureus that has developed, through horizontal gene transfer and natural selection, multiple drug resistance to beta-lactam antibiot... Read More

Prevalence of enterovirus serotypes in children with encephalitis/meningitis

Image  Eneterovirus (EV) is a major cause of viral encephalitis/meningitis. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of enterovirus-associated encephalitis/meningitis and the distribution of enterovirus serotypes in children with encephalitis/meningitis in Shanghai during 2016~2017. We collected cerebrospinal fluid specimens from pediatric patients with encephalitis/meningitis and stool specimens from children with viral encephalitis/meningitis followed with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) during 2016 ~2017. The nested RT-PCR and sequencing were performed to identify the enter... Read More

Corneal endotheliitis

Image Cytomegalovirus is a rare but, increasingly recognized cause of corneal endotheliitis that requires strong clinical suspicion for diagnosis. We report the clinical characteristics and follow up of twelve cases of CMV endotheliitis/anterior uveitis. Six male and six female patients were included. It is a genus of viruses in the order Herpesvirales, in the family Herpesviridae, in the subfamily Betaherpesvirinae. Humans and monkeys serve as natural hosts. The eight species in this genus include the type species, Human betaherpesvirus 5, which is the species that infects humans. ... Read More


Image JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE AND MUTATION’S HIGHLIGHTS Journal of Cell Science and Mutation, a newly launched journal dedicated to the advancing Science and Gene Mutation. The journal publishes a wide range of scientific articles related to cell biology, multicellular,  Cell theory, Cell movement, Ribosomes, Mitochondria, Cell division, Mutation, Gene therapy, Cell structures, Cell sciences along Human, Vegetative, Neurological stem cell, Nano technological stem cell research, Genetic Nano research , Tissue culturing, Chromosomes, Membranes, Eukaryotic cells... Read More

Probiotic Bacteria against resistant-carpabenem Acinetobacter baumennii

Image Infections caused by carbapenem resistance Acinetobacter baumannii (crab) are continually a focus of significant attention since the limitation of therapeutic options. Probiotic bacteria always have an essential role in dairy products and fermented food and promoted the positive health image as the treatment of microbial infections.  Here, we evaluated the potential of antimicrobial agent produced by probiotics for the protection against crab infection. Tracheal aspirate specimen from 150 patients at Egyptian hospitals were recognized as Ab by PCR detection of blaOXA-51. ... Read More

Yellow Vein Net Diseases

Image   The occurrence, distribution, and disease incidence of yellow vein mosaic (YVM) disease of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) in northern India are reported. The disease was found in both commercial and experimental farms in the Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh, India and caused significant reduction in plant height and crop yield. Southern hybridization with begomovirus-specific probe and PCR amplification with DNA β and coat protein primers confirmed the association of begomovirus with the disease. ... Read More

Ecology of Amphibian-Microbial Symbioses

Image Symbiotic interactions between microorganisms and animals are ubiquitous in nature. Recent studies in amphibians have identified symbiotic bacterial communities that play a relevant role protecting the host against pathogens such as Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, Bd. Many of the bacterial symbionts of amphibians that have been isolated to date produce antifungal metabolites with the capacity to inhibit Bd in vitro and in vivo. These findings have led to the development of probiotics as a promising strategy against chytridiomycosis, the disease caused by Bd, which has caused dramatic declin... Read More

Microbial Biotechnology

Image Microbial Biotechnology Microbes (or microorganisms) are organisms that are too small to be seen by the unaided eye. The wide variety of microbial habitats reflects an enormous diversity of biochemical and metabolic traits that have arisen by genetic variation and natural selection in microbial populations. Research in the Department of Microbial Biotechnology focusses on microbes of environmental, industrial or clinical relevance.  Our work includes several approaches based on molecular genetics, systems and synthetic biology, genomics, proteomics and metagenomics.... Read More


Image Pathogenicity Pathogenicity refers to the ability of an organism to cause disease (ie, harm the host). This ability represents a genetic component of the pathogen and the overt damage done to the host is a property of the host-pathogen interactions. Commensals and opportunistic pathogens lack this inherent ability to cause disease. However, disease is not an inevitable outcome of the host-pathogen interaction and, furthermore, pathogens can express a wide range of virulence. Virulence, a term often used interchangeably with pathogenicity, refers to the degree of patholog... Read More

Antimicrobial Agents

Image An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. For example, antibiotics are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. They can also be classified according to their function. Agents that kill microbes are called microbicidal, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called biostatic. The use of antimicrobial medicines to treat infection is known as antimicrobial chemotherapy, while the use of antimicrobial medicines to... Read More

Determination of Acarbose in Tablets by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

Image Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR- FTIR) spectroscopy method was developed for the quantitative determination of acarbose in tablets. Two calibration curves were generated. The first calibration curve was based on peak height at 2928.54 cm-1 with correlation coefficient of 0.9987. The second calibration curve was based on peak area which range from 2953.39-2851.04 cm-1 with correlation coefficient of 0.9978. The FTIR method was validated according to International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines. The method was precise over a range of 40%-100% w/w wit... Read More

Optimized Dextran-Degrading Enzyme Conditions

Image The elimination of various molecular weights of contaminated dextran in sugar processing is quite complicated, especially using enzymatic decomposition. Many factors including enzyme concentration, retention time, pH, temperature, and sucrose concentration affect enzyme hydrolysis. The optimizing conditions of various molecular weights of dextran removal were investigated using response surface methodology. The optimum hydrolyzed conditions of 1,500 µg/mL of all molecular weights of pure dextran from the one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) experiments were: dextranase (Amano Enzyme Inc., Japa... Read More


Image Bioremediation Bioremediation is the use of living microorganisms to degrade the environmental contaminants into less toxic forms. It uses naturally occurring bacteria and fungi or plants to degrade or detoxify substances hazardous to human health and/or the environment. The microorganisms may be indigenous to a contaminated area or they may be isolated from elsewhere and brought to the contaminated site. Contaminant compounds are transformed by living organisms through reactions that take place as a part of their metabolic processes. Biodegradation of a compound... Read More

Effect of Spectral LED Lights on Lettuce

Image Journal of Biochemistry & Biotechnology accepting submissions for the upcoming issue. Topics are Cancer, Metabolism & their disorders, Cell biology, Genetic engineering, Bioinformatics, Synthesis of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids and nanotechnology in crop science & treatment. Authors can submit their articles to our online system which helps to submit directly to the editorial management. Research article “The effect... Read More

Microbial Evolution

Image Microbial Evolution   Microbial evolution refers to the genetically driven changes that occur in microorganisms and that are retained over time. Some microbial changes can be in response to a selective pressure. The best examples of this are the various changes that can occur in bacteria in response to the presence of antibiotics. These changes can make an individual bacterium less susceptible or completely resistant to the killing action of one or more antibiotics. Other microbial changes can occur randomly in the absence of any selective pressure. These ... Read More

Microbial Genomics

Image Microbial Genomics   Microbial genomes encompass all chromosomal and extra chromosomal genetic material. The study of genomes as an entity as opposed to individual genetic components is referred to as genomics. Microbial genomes are widely variable and reflect the enormous diversity of bacteria, archaea and lower eukaryotes. Bacterial genomes usually consist of a single circular chromosome, but species with more than one chromosome (eg. Deinococcus radiodurans), linear chromosomes (eg. some Bacillis subtilis ... Read More

The Epizootiology of Pebrine, One of the Great Scourges of Sericulture

Image Journal of Biochemistry & Biotechnology open access journal, mainly focuses on updating and advancing biological science through our high-quality articles which include original research, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and technical reports which come under the scope of biochemistry and biotechnology. The pathogen of pebrine is transmitted to a host either vertically or horizontally. Vertical transmission may arise in two distinct ways depen... Read More

Bubonic Plague

Image Bubonic Plague   Generally the plague is caused by bacteria. Bubonic plague is one of the plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis. Bubonic plague is mainly spread by infected fleas from small animals. It may also result from exposure to the body fluids from a dead plague-infected animal. In the bubonic form of plague, the bacteria enter through the skin through a flea bite and travel via the lymphatic vessels to a lymph node, causing it to swell. Symptoms: After people catch the plague, the symptoms st... Read More


Image ABOUT ‘MICROBIOLOGY’   Micro-organisms affect every aspect of life on Earth. Some microbes cause disease but the majority are completely harmless. These minute life forms are essential to the cycling of nutrients in the eco-systems of the planet. We need to understand the role of microbes in global terms, but there are many aspects of our daily lives where knowledge of microbiology can help us answer everyday questions. Since microbes are of such biological, economic and social significance, it is important that microbio... Read More

Advances in Microbiology: Current Research for a Better Tomorrow

Image Advances in Microbiology: Current Research for a Better Tomorrow On behalf of the Journal of Microbiology: Current Research, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been two long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 02nd Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Microbiological Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Microbiology: Current Research and on this 02nd Anniversary the journal is providing special disc... Read More